• In 1928, to facilitate the draining
of the production, works of rectification of the
railroad had been carry through, building a new
station (still existing) in front of the Farm,
called Artur Furtado. This railroad line kept trains
until Brasília, still in middle of 1970.
Today is stop station of the “Maria Fumaça” train,
tourist stroll, kept nowadays by the Brazilian
Association of Road Preservation (ABPF).
of the time of Baron of Itatiba and of Mr. Artur
Furtado, the following historical places can
be observed and visited:
• The Ruins of the Slave House;
• The Big House, with it walls of 80 cm of width, rooms with the restored
original painting, chapel and sculpture of Christ, dated of 1806, among other
• The Water Wheel;
• The House of Machines, today transformed into a Museum;
• The Garden of Entrance, with imperial palms;
• Part of the stone pavement of the old horse stable;
• The Ruins of the Sawframe and the Mill of Corn Meal;
• The Bower (Coquette) of the Garden;
• Pages of the Books of Accounting, that are conserved until today;
• As it consists, the region of the Farm Two Bridges already received slaves
from Rio de Janeiro since middle of 1747, that is, before the foundation of Campinas.
The slaves were dividing in two categories: The Slaves of Inside and the Slaves
of Outside. The Slaves of Inside served inside the big House. They say that the
amount got to 70 slaves to serve the exclusively the Baron and his family. Were
chose the slaves with better appearance and some of them knew even how to read
and write a little. This requirement in the choice of the Slaves of Inside was
necessary; therefore, the Baron received many illustrious visits. The Slaves
of Outside used to work at the chore, harvest, plantation and other manual Works.
They could not have contact with the Slaves of Inside, because the Baron believed
that they were more propitious to illness and could contaminate the Slaves of
Inside. For the acquisition of slaves, the Baron was informed that a Slave Ship
in the Port of Santos. He used to go there or sent someone that he trusts to
buy slaves. If he wanted slaves to work at the farming, it would have to have
thin cinnamon and body non advantageous, if the slave was chose for reproduction,
it would have to have a very good defined body; the teeth were observed, and
they had to be perfect, because they believed that good teeth means good health.